And the colleges themselves are complicit in this fraud, often for similar reasons. They admit students who they know are not adequately prepared to take on credit-bearing courses, and then require them to complete remedial classes to catch up. Most students who are required to take these “developmental” courses never make it to classes that earn credit, and in time they leave school with nothing but debt and disillusion. – Chester Finn
Mr. Finn calls this systemic dishonesty “fraud.” I believe that is appropriate. Parents and students think they are getting one thing from their education, when in fact they are getting something much less. One would think, though, that colleges are defrauded too. But Finn says they are complicit because they know what they are getting, and at least some of them are fine with it. While remedial courses do not count towards college graduation requirements, they still bring in revenue from students and their parents.
Colleges are complicit because they know what is happening and do nothing to stop it. They have the power to disrupt the system by refusing to admit students who need remediation, or by not accepting diplomas from systems who produce a high proportion of graduates that need “developmental” courses. Yet for the most part they do not serve as a check and balance on a system that abuses public trust.
Douglas County had the highest graduation rate in its history in 2015 – close to 89%. Do we know how many of those graduates were truly ready for college? A look at early post-graduation data suggests that many were not. Of the 775 students who enrolled in a public college or university in Georgia the next school year, 10% needed remediation in reading, and 24% needed remediation in math (as high as 42% of the graduating class did not attend college).*
Do we know how many of these graduates are leaving “with nothing but debt and disillusion”? Not exactly, but if we look back a few years to the 2012 class we can gather some clues. 66% of the 2012 class enrolled in college in 2013 (this could be two or four year institutions). By 2016, the year those who got a 4-year bachelor’s could have graduated, only 11% of the graduating class had earned a post secondary degree (the state rate is better but still a dismal 15%). Assuming that all 66% went to a 4-year college, that means only 1 and 6 graduated in 4 years.
Ambition and optimism are laudable traits. So is this country’s long tradition as a place of second chances, a land where you can always start over, compensate for past mistakes, choose a new direction, and find the educational path that takes you there. But at a certain point, encouragement becomes damaging. It’s time for our K-12 school system and our institutions of higher education to take responsibility for their complicity in a system that lies to millions of students and their families every year.
Our cultural belief in redemption, a fruit of our Judeo-Christian heritage, is a social asset. For one, it encourages the kind of risk-taking needed for a capitalist economy to flourish because we believe in learning and growing from our failure. But this requires being honest that failure is actually happening! Giving students good grades when they are actually failing to learn is “killing them with kindness.” It is empty flattery that develops in kids an inflated and inaccurate self-concept that is detrimental to learning, and undermines real confidence. What will it take for the public school system to admit and turn from their lying? Will you as a stakeholder help call education leaders out on their dishonesty?
This is part 3 of a running commentary on Chester Finn’s “The Fog of “College Readiness”” (National Affairs, Issue Number 30, Winter 2017).
*Post graduation data from “High School Graduate Outcomes Report”, https://hsgrad.gosa.ga.gov/